Game and Nature Reserves
The Swiss National Park
The Swiss National Park stretches over 170 square kilometre and is Switzerland’s largest nature reserve. The area lies in Engadin/Münstertal and encompasses alpine terrain rising from 1’400 to 3’200 m above sea level. The foundation of the Swiss National Park in 1914 was a milestone in the history of nature conservation. It was the first national park in the Alps and Central Europe, it is known for its abundance of Alpine animals and Alpine plants in a barely touched pristine landscape.
Known for being the source of the Rhine, Lake Toma is a special place. Nestled in a basin at the foot of Piz Badus, it is a site of unique beauty, magic and international significance. In his description of the Tavetsch Valley, Father Placidus a Spescha (1752 – 1833) referred to Lake Toma as follows: “This 200-foot wide and 400-foot long lake is the basin from which the Anterior Rhine originates. It is a wonderful spot and very worthy of being the source of such a river”.
The Rhine’s 1,230 km journey begins at its source. Much of what happens here influences its course. The residents of the Tujetsch community – on whose ground the source of the Rhine is located – take great care of their natural wonder. During the last Ice Age, the mighty Anterior Rhine Glacier encompassed the whole of the Surselva. Formed by glaciers, the mountainous landscape of the Oberalp Pass is the source of the Anterior Rhine. The ice stream has long since melted away, leaving behind a cirque in which Lake Toma can be found nestled in the Alpine valley of Six Madun at the foot of Piz Badus. Lake Toma is a jewel among Swiss mountain lakes. At 2,345 metres above sea level it is a site of unique beauty, magic and significance.